Fields like medicine, biology, physics, chemistry, geology and economics have all developed quantitative tools that take advantage of the exponential increase of processing power over time. Recent advances in computerized pattern recognition, in combination with a rapid digitization of historical document collections around the world, is about to change this. The first part of this dissertation focuses on constructing a full system for finding handwritten words in historical manuscripts. A novel segmentation algorithm is presented, capable of finding and separating text lines in pre-modern manuscripts. Text recognition is performed by translating the image data of the text lines into sequences of numbers, called features. Commonly used features are analysed and evaluated on manuscript sources from the Uppsala University library Carolina Rediviva and the US Library of Congress. Decoding the text in the vast number of photographed manuscripts from our libraries makes computational linguistics and social network analysis directly applicable to historical sources.
The localisation and dating of medieval icelandic manuscripts
A significant and unsolved problem in digital resources for medieval and earlier material is how to represent dates or, rather, uncertain date periods. The problem is that we often do not know exactly when something happened: when a manuscript was written, when an artefact was constructed, when a coin was lost.
This, of course, is normal, but it becomes a problem when we introduce the computer.
Date: July 10, ; Source: Cornell University; Summary: Analyzing pigments in medieval illuminated manuscript pages is opening up some new areas of.
This reddit is for the latest developments in Medieval History: please keep other modern topics on religion and politics in their respective subreddits. Ideas on dating medieval manuscripts please! Hey everyone, I’m trying to find the best sources or tips for dating manuscripts by looking at the script, noting specific scribal conventions, color ink, etc.
Any ideas? Start with Michelle Brown. That one is expensive, but worth it as a starter book. All of these will provide you with a brief overview of the major scripts, their general locations, and general range of dates alongside good quality images to give you practice with reading. Clemens and Graham goes a bit further and discusses the actual techniques involved in the production of medieval books–codicology, ink making, illuminating, and the genres of writing.
Both of these are in-depth looks at the actual process of dating and contextualizing a manuscript based on the scribal hands. The terminology used by each of these authors becomes pretty standard. Derolez is probably a more specialized text, focusing on the various Gothic hands that developed out of Carolingian scripts.
12th Century Manuscripts
University of Victoria Special Collections houses a significant number of medieval and early modern manuscripts. These include medieval and Renaissance documents from England, France, Spain and Italy, including deeds, charters, illuminated manuscript leaves, letters, letter patents, papal bulls, fragments from religious manuscripts, manuscripts on medicine and magic, a catalogue of English armorial shields, statutes of the Garter, and a manuscript of a Spanish Carmelite prioress.
The following is a list of early manuscripts held by Special Collections. A PDF list is also available. Facsimile images for some of the manuscripts are available through UVic Libraries Digital Collections.
We have nearly come to the end of MedievalMonday posts. Read more. The front cover contains a section of the Third Part [Christ], Question 68 [Of Those Who Receive Baptism], Articles 8 [Whether faith is required on the part of the one baptized] and 9 [Whether children should be baptized]. Medieval monks were expected memorize all psalms, and they were commonly sung as part of Mass and the Divine Offices.
This manuscript dates to circa 14 th century, based on the script a Gothic book-hand , and the composition of the actual text. While searching through our incunabula, I found one bound in a manuscript that I had not seen previously. This particular wrapper has now become one of my favorite items in the collection, and one that I intend to continue researching when time and other duties allow. Unfortunately for us, medieval manuscripts are not usually dated.
Using statistical smoothing to date medieval manuscripts
Deeds, or charters, dealing with property rights, provide a continuous documentation which can be used by historians to study the evolution of social, economic and political changes. This study is concerned with charters written in Latin dating from the tenth through early fourteenth centuries in England. Of these, at least one million were left undated, largely due to administrative changes introduced by William the Conqueror in Correctly dating such charters is of vital importance in the study of English medieval history.
Abstract: Estimating the date of undated medieval manuscripts by evaluating the script they contain, using document image analysis, is helpful for scholars of.
Virtually all scholars of various disciplines studying the Middle Ages often are confronted with the serious problem that their primary sources, namely manuscripts, bear no indication of the time and place in which they were written. This makes it hard, or even impossible, to assess their reliability as a historical source? The necessary dating and also the geographical localisation of a manuscript can often only be achieved on the basis of a judgment of its handwriting characteristics by a mere handful of specialists, who often come to conflicting conclusions.
Usually, the dating of a script is based on the individual non-verbal intuition of the expert rather than on objective criteria. This state of affairs is not surprising, because there is a notorious lack of a collection of dated manuscripts as the reference corpus. As the archaeologist has the C technique to date organic materials, so the medievalist needs a method of dating manuscripts.
The current project aims at constructing an objective palaeograpical ‘scale’ of datable elements in late medieval handwriting This scale will be based on material that hitherto was neglected for this purpose: charters and other documents in the city archives, material that is generally precisely dated and localized. These administrative documents were often written by the same scribes who wrote the undated manuscripts, using the same types of script.
The method brings together two domains of expertise. A palaeographer will make a careful selection of documents from several different city archives, and analyze their handwriting. In close co-operation, an expert from the field of pattern recognition or machine learning will construct algorithms that also will be able to estimate the date of a handwritten specimen on the basis of training on a reference data set and testing on known and unknown samples. The use of the computer is an innovative aspect of the project, thanks to the brand new discipline of ‘digital palaeography’.
Already, there are various computer programs for automatic writer identification, the most promising of which is in this context surely the Groningen Intelligent Writer Identification System GIWIS; Brink et al.
In the traditional linguistic model of medieval England, the Norman Conquest of caused English, which had previously been an acceptable language for literary and cultural production, to be displaced by French and sidelined in aristocratic and courtly domains. A growing body of research has pointed to the significant structural problems with this traditional linguistic model, and it is now generally accepted that French persisted as an important domestic and aristocratic language in England for much of the late medieval period.
To date, studies of the status of French in medieval England have been focused on isolated examples—either of individual cases of sociolinguistic interest, or of the interplay of languages within single manuscripts or texts. The goal of investigating these language patterns on a broader scale lay behind this project: the creation of a digital database of manuscripts containing French literature that were copied in medieval England.
In a previous post I considered the weird initials added (in the 19th century, I believe) to Wellesley MS 29, a manuscript that has previously.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Feuerverger and P. Hall and Gelila Tilahun and M. Feuerverger , P. Gervers Published Mathematics arXiv: Applications. We discuss the use of multivariate kernel smoothing methods to date manuscripts dating from the 11th to the 15th centuries, in the English county of Essex.
The dataset consists of some dated and undated manuscripts, and the former are used as a training sample for imputing dates for the latter. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Kalthoum Adam, A.
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Dating of medieval text sources is a central task common to the field of manuscript studies. The majority of medieval manuscripts are without explicit reference to.
An important aspect of any society is the way it keeps records of property and land transactions so that ownership can be properly established and disputes resolved. In medieval Britain, this process was largely carried out by religious or royal institutions which recorded transactions in documents, written in Latin, called charters. Today, more than a million charters survive either as originals or more often as ancient copies.
They provide a remarkable insight into the pressures at work in medieval politics, economics and society between the tenth and fourteenth centuries in England. For example, historians can use these documents to study the rise and fall of military and religious organisations. A good example is the Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, a religious and military organisation set up after the western conquest of Jerusalem in the 11th century the First Crusade.